In the Moscow city of Dubna, the first experiment was launched on the NICA (Nuclotron-based Ion Collider facility) ionic accelerator complex under construction by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR). It is reported that the device is being created for the purpose of studying the properties of dense baryonic matter.
Baryonic matter is, in fact, a familiar form of matter that includes elementary particles, which are matter. There is also anti-baryonic matter, or antimatter. On the basis of the Moscow collider, scientists want to recreate in a laboratory conditions the state of matter in which the universe was located right after the Big Bang. According to Vladimir Kekelidze, director of the physics laboratory of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research,
"The first experiment began two days ago on the extracted beams from the currently operating superconducting Nuclotron accelerator, on the basis of which a collider is being built. In addition to the study of dense baryonic matter, the collision of heavy ions, which is still at an embryonic stage, an interesting problem has been solved in parallel: the interaction of two components of any nucleus, two nucleons, when their forces change their status from attractive to repulsive. The physical program of the NIKA project has been started. "
Also, according to the scientist, it became known that at the moment NIKA is working on the manufacture and assembly of individual parts and details, and information was received on the progress of the construction of the facility.
The synchrotron booster (one of the accelerators) will be launched this year, and the building for the collider will be completed in 2019. Installation of the collider will begin in 2020. In the same 2020, we will begin mounting the study of the collision of heavy ions. At full capacity, the complex should be released in 2023. "
Based on materials from the TASS agency