Famous British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking passed away at the age of 77, according to the BBC, referring to the family of the scientist. Back in 1963, doctors gave Hawking an unfavorable diagnosis – amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Specialists believed that he had only two and a half years to live. But the physicist, contrary to all predictions, continued to lead an active life and gain recognition in the scientific community. He became one of the founders of quantum cosmology, and also shed light on what black holes are.
"We are deeply saddened that our beloved father died today. He was a great scientist and an outstanding man whose work and heritage will remain with us for many years, "the Hawking family said in a statement.
Stephen Hawking's disease progressed less rapidly than doctors had expected, so he only moved to a wheelchair in the late 60-ies. In 1985, Hawking suffered a complicated inflammation of the lungs, as a result of which he lost the ability to speak. In the future, his voice was the synthesizer of speech, which he controlled with the help of a finger that had retained some of its mobility. This synthesizer was constantly updated taking into account that the scientist eventually became almost completely paralyzed, with the exception of one of the facial muscles, opposite which the sensor was fixed to interact with the computer system. The latest version of the computer specifically for Hawking was created by the company Intel.
In 2007 Hawking flew in weightlessness aboard a special airplane. The physicist always dreamed of going into space and even planned to do it in 2009, but the flight did not take place for a number of reasons, including his health condition. Hawking was a convinced atheist and always opposed the conduct of wars. For example, he considered war in Iraq a war crime and actively supported nuclear disarmament. Stephen Hawking was married twice, and from his first wife, Jane Wilde, he had a son, Robert (1967), daughter of Lucy (1970) and son Timothy (1979). After the divorce, Hawking re-married his nurse Elaine Mason in 1995. With her, they lived together until 2006.
Hawking became famous throughout the world thanks to his book "A Brief History of Time". He had 12 honorary degrees, was a member of the British Scientific Royal Society and the US Academy of Sciences. His scientific merits and discoveries were marked by numerous awards and awards. Stephen Hawking led a completely open way of life, did not hide from fans, often made reports, taught at universities and even took part in the filming of the comedy TV series The Big Bang Theory, which tells about the life of several friends-scientists. In addition, the scientist voiced his character for the animated series "The Simpsons" and "Futurama." In 2014, a big screen came out with a biography film about the life of the physicist "The Stephen Hawking Universe", in which the lead role was played by actor Eddie Redmayne.